Kaunas Archbishop emeritus Sigitas Tamkevičius was one of the 13 new cardinals appointed by Pope Francis in a Vatican ceremony on October 5th, 2019.

S. Tamkevičius was a dissident during the Soviet occupation and used to publish The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania which wrote about the persecution of believers in Lithuania occupied by the Soviets. He was arrested in 1983 for anti-Soviet propaganda and spent 10 years in the prison work camps of Perm and Mordovia. He served as archbishop of Kaunas between 1996 and 2015. During the pope's visit to Lithuania last year, Tamkevičius accompanied Pope Francis to a former KGB prison in Vilnius where he was a prisoner in 1983. The pope announced that Tamkevičius was appointed a cardinal for his honorary service to the Church.